Monday, November 9, 2009

Berlinski zid i mediji pre, tokom i posle njega


Na današnji dan pre 20 godina srušen je Berlinski zid.
Mediji u celom svetu izveštavaju o tome. Čak je i Google na svoju svedenu početnu stranicu postavio link ka fotogaleriji časopisa Life o rušenju zida.
Na sajtu vašingtonskog Newseuma - muzeja vesti, objavljen je tekst o tome kako se situacija vezana za medije u Nemačkoj menjala kroz decenije - od 30ih godina i dolaska Hitlera na vlast, pa sve do aktuelne tranzicije, koja uključuje i medije.
Izdvajam nekoliko delova, koji ilustruju različite faze:

In May 1945, as World War II ends, the four Allied Powers — the U.S., Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union, each with an occupation zone -- prohibit all means of public communication, information and entertainment "except as directed or otherwise authorized."
Radio, newspapers, magazines, movie house, theaters -- even circuses -- are shut down until licensed by Military Government.
The Allies begin licensing newspapers and other means of communication in their individual occupation zones but the approaches vary. As the military’s grip loosens, a free press system is established in West Germany. But in the Soviet Zone, media are forced into a Communist system of state and single party control.
(...)
The Berlin Wall is strong enough to stop a tank, but it can’t stop the truth from getting into East Germany.
The free-media system in the west spews news eastward, news that no wall can stop. It comes by word of mouth, by smuggled message, by phone, by radio, by TV.
(...)
The sudden burst of freedom in a divided Berlin, followed by similar changes in the east, is not without its problems.
Germany reunites on Oct. 3, 1990. The democratic aspects of the west, including media, quickly move to the east. Radio and television networks are linked, West German newspapers start circulating in a united country and newspapers of the former East Germany take on a new look.

Takođe, na sajtu Deutsche Welle objavljen je zanimljiv tekst na temu: Uloga medija u padu Berlinskog zida.

update

Evo i jedne lične priče na ovu temu, urednika EuActive.

I još:





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